The Model Code of Practice has laid out clear processes for workplaces that incorporate welding into their business activities. The Code of Practice for Welding Processes in approved under section 274 of the Work Health and Safety Act (the Act).

Why is a Code of Practice important?

The Codes of Practice is a practical guide to meeting the requirements for welding under the Act and the Work Health and Safety Regulations. The Codes of Practice apply to anyone who has a duties and responsibilities under the Act, which if you want to learn more about Roles and Responsibility under the Act see our Introduction to WHS – Roles and Responsibilities Course.


Codes of practice are admissible in court proceedings under the WHS Act and Regulations. Courts may regard a code of practice as evidence of what is known about a hazard, risk or control and may rely on the code in determining what is reasonably practicable in the circumstances to which the code relates.

This Code of Practice has been developed by Safe Work Australia as a model code of practice under the Council of Australian Governments’ Inter-Governmental Agreement for Regulatory and Operational Reform in Occupational Health and Safety for adoption by the Commonwealth, state and territory governments.

Welding Processes – Model Code of Practice

What is considered Welding?

Welding has been defined “Permenantly joining two or more materials together , usually metals, by heat or pressure or both“. A range of energy sources are used for welding including:

Gas flames, electric arcs, electric resistance, lasers, electron beams, friction, molten metal baths and ultrasound. Welding includes joining methods as diverse as fusion welding, forge welding, friction welding, braze welding, brazing, soldering and explosion welding. Welding is a potentially hazardous activity and precautions are required to avoid electrocution, fire and explosion, burns, electric shock, vision damage, inhalation of poisonous gases and fumes, and exposure to intense ultraviolet radiation.

Who has Duties and Responsibilities?

A Person Conducting a Business or Undertaking (PCBU) is the primary person responsible, as reasonably practicable, for providing a safe workplace and to minimise the safety risks associated with Welding and other Hot Work Activities. As mentioned in the Work Health and Safety Regulations the PCBU is not the only person responsible for creating a safe workplace. Designers, manufacturers, importers, suppliers, Officers, and Workers all have individual duties and responsibilities, ensuring each of these groups are aware of their requirements is why Work Health and Safety training is so important for every workplace nation wide.

What is the Risk Management Process?

Controlling the risks associated with welding, and other hot works, and improving your Work Health and Safety environment is focused on four areas.

  1. Identifying the Hazards
  2. Assessing the Risks
  3. Controlling the Risks
  4. Reviewing Control Measures.

To learn more about Hot Work in the workplace and to ensure your workplace is aware of their roles, responsibilities and has the ability to identify, assess, control and review relevant risks then see out Hot Works Course.



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